Germany's first corporate wind PPA offers model for 6 GW of ageing assets
Mercedes-Benz’ five-year power purchase agreement in Germany shows how owners, offtakers and service companies can mitigate commercial and technical risks to extend turbine lifespans.
In December, Daimler subsidiary Mercedes-Benz Cars signed Germany's first corporate renewable power purchase agreement (PPA) with Statkraft, a power generation and trading company.
From 2021 to 2025, Mercedes-Benz will source 46 MW from six ageing wind farms in northern Germany, commissioned in 1999-2001. The power will supply an electric car manufacturing facility under Mercedes-Benz’ commitment to source 100% of additional power purchases from renewable sources.
The wind PPA will provide stable asset revenues as feed-in tariffs expire and the turbines move beyond 20 year lifespans. Some 33.1 GWh will be delivered in 2021, 74 GWh in 2022-2024 and 21.8 GWh in 2025. Each asset will deliver power for between three and five years, depending on tariff expiry date.
GE will be the operations and maintenance (O&M) provider for all six wind farms under a five-year contract. The wind farms use turbines from a range of manufacturers, creating additional monitoring and service challenges.
Statkraft will take on the commercial risk of the PPA and the power sourced from the contract will be integrated into an existing supply deal between Daimler and Enovos Energie Deutschland.
The PPA shows large corporations, power traders and wind maintenance groups can find risk comfort in shorter power contracts for ageing assets, as well as longer-term deals.
Some 6 GW of wind capacity is set to exit Germany’s feed in tariff scheme in 2021, rising to 16 GW by 2026, data from WindEurope shows.
Day-ahead power prices in Central Western Europe
(Click image to enlarge)
Source: European Commission's Quarterly Electricity Market Report. Data source: S&P Global Platts.
The Mercedes-Benz contract is a “significant" step forward in Germany, Helen Dewhurst, Corporate sustainability analyst at BloombergNEF told New Energy Update.
"We could see a large number of such deals over the next few years, involving German corporations and post-subsidy wind farms,” Dewhurst said.
Enovos Energie Deutschland indicated it will seek similar deals.
"Integrating the renewable energies that are not subsidized by the Renewable Energy Sources Act into traditional energy delivery models will be of key importance for our target market of major industrial companies in the future," Andreas Loh, Managing Director of Enovos Energie Deutschland, said.
An increasing number of Europe's wind turbines are reaching the end of their 20-year design lifespans, requiring operators to choose between life extension, full repowering, or decommissioning.
Operators considering life extensions must assess the potential lifespan of their assets, requiring detailed safety and cost analysis.
Supplier and service data is key to accurate lifespan estimations and the maintenance strategy supporting the PPA contract. The wide range of technologies within the Mercedes Benz contract presents service provider GE with additional challenges surrounding data procurement and asset analysis.
Turbines in the Mercedes-Benz contract
Falling wind costs and sustained wholesale price pressure price pressure has placed increasing importance on O&M efficiency.
Wind farm owners are transferring more production risk to O&M companies to better align the economic interests of owners and service groups. Owners are switching from time-based availability guarantees to performance-based guarantees and many are advancing on to energy-based guarantees where the service provider also takes on wind resource risk.
As O&M partner, GE will assume certain risks and guarantee a certain level of technical availability of the wind farm, Statkraft told New Energy Update.
"No contractual partner can better assess the technical risks involved in the continued operation of a wind turbine," Sascha Schroder, Vice President Commercial Strategy in Trading & Origination at Statkraft, said.
"The complex interactions between technical availability and the optimal marketing of a plant can only be solved in partnership," he said.
Global corporate renewable PPAs are on the rise and Europe’s ageing wind fleet will present numerous opportunities for shorter corporate offtake contracts.
Global corporate renewable PPA volumes
Source: BloombergNEF (BNEF)
The U.S. has led global PPA activity but experts predict Europe could see growth rise towards U.S. levels in the coming years.
European PPA activity has been concentrated in Nordic countries, the UK and Netherlands, but new markets are opening up.
Last year, Mercedes-Benz signed Poland’s first corporate wind PPA while Denmark and Finland signed their second wind PPA deals, according to data from BloombergNEF.
European Union directives and growing demand from heavy industry will accelerate PPA activity in the coming years and this surge is set to include late-life PPA contracts.
More than 15 GW of German wind capacity is over 15 years old, representing 35% of installed capacity, WindEurope noted in a recent report.
In Spain, 6 GW of wind capacity is older than 15 years (25% of the wind fleet) while in Denmark around 2.7 GW, more than half of the fleet, has reached this age.
By Beatrice Bedeschi